Mirroring a Debian binary distribution by FTP.
Copyright (C) 2001-2003 Ian Maclaine-cross <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
You may use this only under the conditions of the General Public
License in file
This worked for me and "
sarge" on 2 March
2003. Future Debian archive changes require adjustments to these
instructions. Please back up your system before trying this as
mistakes by you or errors in the software or this document can cause a
complete loss of data. The steps are:---
$ ftp ftp.us.debian.org" with username "
ftp" and password "
username@" where username is your current login name. Then "
ftp> cd debian" and "
ftp> ls". Note down the names and sizes of the README files then "
ftp> bye". If this does not work you do not have an FTP client installed or have no FTP connection to the Internet. Until this is remedied you should not attempt to install or use mirror.
crontab -e" add these three lines to root's
3 13 * * * nice mirror-master /etc/mirror/mm/debian-dist &>/dev/null 3 1 * * * nice mirror-master -t /etc/mirror/mm/debian-dist * * * * * touch /tmp/cron.marker
ls -l /tmp" a few minutes apart to see if cron is working
and updating the timestamp on cron.marker every minute.
Your computer needs to run and be connected to the Internet
all night. Do not forget to turn the monitor off.
ls -l /tmp". The directory
/var/log/mirror/should have eight files listing the files downloaded and mm.status recording when the packages were run. See if directories
/var/lib/mirror/debian-non-US/have the Debian
READMEs and the directory listing files
/var/lib/mirror/debian-security/should have a
README. The subdirectory
dists/should have empty directories and links. Write down the subdirectory name which the "
stable" link points to. The "
.mirror" files also log the results of the mirror run. If this did not work read the fine manuals starting with "
man mirror" and proceed no further until the problem is remedied. You may have a proxy server or need passive FTP.
/home/ftp/pub/. Can you afford the download charges for even the 6 GB for "
sarge"? It is best if you have no download charges so check with your ISP. Distributions after "
sarge" require much more.
$ mirrors -f debian" should give you the closest mirrors if they are unknown. In the USA you also need an overseas mirror for debian-non-US. Edit
/etc/mirror/packages/debian-distas requested in the comments at the top of the file.
ftp" at your chosen mirror to see if they permit you to mirror them freely. If they do not choose another Debian mirror with "
mirrors" and the "Debian worldwide mirror sites" list. There are over 200 sites worldwide who permit free mirroring of Debian to all. You do not wish to pay your mirror as well as your ISP for download charges.
No files to transfer" in both "
.mirror" files. You can now uncomment the "
get_symlink_files=" line in
packages/debian-distto drag in missing "
Not symlinking ... as no path ..." files referred to in "
debian-non-US/and test them by installing some new packages. If the packages install, well done! Otherwise check the steps and read the manuals.
/usr/share/doc/mirror/html/for more complex tasks and fine-tuning.