```PDFTEX(1)                         Web2C 2009                         PDFTEX(1)

NAME
pdftex, pdfinitex, pdfvirtex - PDF output from TeX

SYNOPSIS
pdftex [options] [& format ] [ file | \ commands ]

DESCRIPTION
Run  the  pdfTeX typesetter on file, usually creating file.pdf.  If the
file argument has no extension, ".tex" will be appended to it.  Instead
of  a  filename,  a  set  of pdfTeX commands can be given, the first of
which must start with a backslash.  With a &format argument pdfTeX uses
a different set of precompiled commands, contained in format.fmt; it is
usually better to use the -fmt format option instead.

pdfTeX is a version of TeX, with the e-TeX extensions, that can  create
PDF files as well as DVI files.

In  DVI  mode, pdfTeX can be used as a complete replacement for the TeX
engine.

The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for which  PDF
output has been enabled.  The pdftex command uses the equivalent of the
plain TeX format, and the pdflatex command uses the equivalent  of  the
LaTeX format.  To generate formats, use the -ini switch.

The pdfinitex and pdfvirtex commands are pdfTeX's analogues to the ini-
tex and virtex commands.  In this installation,  if  the  links  exist,
they are symbolic links to the pdftex executable.

In  PDF  mode,  pdfTeX can natively handle the PDF, JPG, JBIG2, and PNG
graphics formats.  pdfTeX cannot  include  PostScript  or  Encapsulated
PostScript  (EPS)  graphics  files;  first  convert  them  to PDF using
epstopdf(1).  pdfTeX's handling of its command-line arguments is  simi-
lar to that of of the other TeX programs in the web2c implementation.

OPTIONS
This version of pdfTeX understands the following command line options.

-draftmode
Sets  \pdfdraftmode  so  pdfTeX  doesn't write a PDF and doesn't
read any included images, thus speeding up execution.

-enc   Enable the encTeX extensions.  This option is only effective  in
combination  with  -ini.  For documentation of the encTeX exten-
sions see http://www.olsak.net/enctex.html.

-etex  Enable the e-TeX extensions.  This option is only  effective  in
combination with -ini.  See etex(1).

-file-line-error
Print  error messages in the form file:line:error which is simi-
lar to the way many compilers format them.

-no-file-line-error
Disable printing error messages in the file:line:error style.

-file-line-error-style
This is the old name of the -file-line-error option.

-fmt format
Use format as the name of the format to be used, instead of  the
name by which pdfTeX was called or a %& line.

-halt-on-error
Exit with an error code when an error is encountered during pro-
cessing.

-help  Print help message and exit.

-ini   Start in INI mode, which is used to dump formats.  The INI  mode
can  be  used  for  typesetting, but no format is preloaded, and
basic initializations like setting catcodes may be required.

-interaction mode
Sets the interaction mode.  The mode can  be  either  batchmode,
nonstopmode,  scrollmode,  and  errorstopmode.   The  meaning of
these modes is the same as that of the corresponding \commands.

-ipc   Send DVI or PDF output to a socket as well as the  usual  output
file.  Whether this option is available is the choice of the in-
staller.

-ipc-start
As -ipc, and starts  the  server  at  the  other  end  as  well.
Whether this option is available is the choice of the installer.

-jobname name
Use  name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the name
of the input file.

Sets path searching debugging flags according  to  the  bitmask.
See the Kpathsea manual for details.

-mktex fmt
Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

-mltex Enable  MLTeX  extensions.   Only  effective in combination with
-ini.

-no-mktex fmt
Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

-output-comment string
In DVI mode, use string for the DVI file comment instead of  the
date.  This option is ignored in PDF mode.

-output-directory directory
directory instead of the current directory.  Look up input files
in directory first, the along the normal search path.

-output-format format
Set the output format mode, where format must be either  pdf  or
dvi.   This  also  influences the set of graphics formats under-
stood by pdfTeX.

-parse-first-line
If the first line of the main input file begins with %& parse it
to look for a dump name or a -translate-file option.

-no-parse-first-line
Disable parsing of the first line of the main input file.

-progname name
Pretend  to  be program name.  This affects both the format used
and the search paths.

-recorder
Enable the filename recorder.  This leaves a trace of the  files
opened for input and output in a file with extension .fls.

-shell-escape
Enable  the \write18{command} construct.  The command can be any
shell command.  This construct is normally disallowed for  secu-
rity reasons.

-no-shell-escape
Disable  the  \write18{command} construct, even if it is enabled
in the texmf.cnf file.

-src-specials
In DVI mode, insert source specials into  the  DVI  file.   This
option is ignored in PDF mode.

-src-specials where
In DVI mode, insert source specials in certain placed of the DVI
file.  where is a comma-separated value list: cr, display, hbox,
math, par, parent, or vbox.  This option is ignored in PDF mode.

-translate-file tcxname
Use  the  tcxname  translation table to set the mapping of input
characters and re-mapping of output characters.

-default-translate-file tcxname
Like -translate-file except that a %&  line  can  overrule  this
setting.

-version
Print version information and exit.

ENVIRONMENT
See  the  Kpathsearch  library documentation (the `Path specifications'
node) for precise details of how the environment  variables  are  used.
The kpsewhich utility can be used to query the values of the variables.

One  caveat: In most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a filename you
give directly to pdfTeX, because ~ is an active character, and hence is
expanded,  not  taken as part of the filename.  Other programs, such as
Metafont, do not have this problem.

TEXMFOUTPUT
Normally, pdfTeX puts its output files in the current directory.
If  any  output file cannot be opened there, it tries to open it
in the directory specified in the environment variable TEXMFOUT-
PUT.  There is no default value for that variable.  For example,
if you say  pdftex  paper  and  the  current  directory  is  not
writable,  if TEXMFOUTPUT has the value /tmp, pdfTeX attempts to
create /tmp/paper.log (and /tmp/paper.pdf, if any output is pro-
duced.)

TEXINPUTS
Search  path for \input and \openin files.  This should probably
files.   An empty path component will be replaced with the paths
defined in the texmf.cnf file.  For example,  set  TEXINPUTS  to
".:/home/usr/tex:"   to   prepend   the  current  directory  and
``/home/user/tex'' to the standard search path.

TEXFORMATS
Search path for format files.

TEXPOOL
search path for pdftex internal strings.

TEXEDIT
Command template for switching to editor.  The default,  usually
vi, is set when pdfTeX is compiled.

TFMFONTS
Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.

FILES
The location of the files mentioned below varies from system to system.
Use the kpsewhich utility to find their locations.

pdftex.pool
Text file containing pdfTeX's internal strings.

pdftex.map
Filename mapping definitions.

*.tfm  Metric files for pdfTeX's fonts.

*.fmt  Predigested pdfTeX format (.fmt) files.

NOTES
Starting with version 1.40, pdfTeX incorporates the  e-TeX  extensions,
and  pdfeTeX  is just a copy of pdfTeX.  See etex(1).  This manual page
is not meant to be exhaustive.  The  complete  documentation  for  this
version of pdfTeX can be found in the pdfTeX manual and the info manual
Web2C: A TeX implementation.

BUGS
This version of pdfTeX implements a number of optional extensions.   In
fact,  many  of these extensions conflict to a greater or lesser extent
with the definition of pdfTeX.  When such extensions are  enabled,  the
banner  printed  when pdfTeX starts is changed to print pdfTeXk instead
of pdfTeX.

This version of pdfTeX fails to trap arithmetic  overflow  when  dimen-
sions  are  added or subtracted.  Cases where this occurs are rare, but
when it does the generated DVI file will be invalid.  Whether a  gener-
ated PDF file would be usable is unknown.

AVAILABILITY
pdfTeX  is  available  for a large variety of machine architectures and
operation systems.  pdfTeX is part of all major TeX distributions.

Information on how to get pdfTeX and related information  is  available
at the http://www.pdftex.org pdfTeX website.

The   following   pdfeTeX  related  mailing  list  is  available:  pdf-
tex@tug.org.  This is a mailman list; to subscribe send a message  con-
taining  subscribe  to pdftex-request@tug.org.  More about the list can
be found at  the  http://tug.org/mailman/listinfo/pdftex  mailing  list
website.

epstopdf(1), etex(1), latex(1), mptopdf(1), tex(1), texexec(1), mf(1).

AUTHORS
The  primary authors of pdfTeX are Han The Thanh, Petr Sojka, Jiri Zla-
tuska, and Peter Breitenlohner (eTeX).

TeX was designed by Donald E. Knuth, who implemented it using  his  Web
system  for  Pascal  programs.   It  was  ported to Unix at Stanford by
Howard Trickey, and at  Cornell  by  Pavel  Curtis.   The  version  now
offered  with the Unix TeX distribution is that generated by the Web to
C system (web2c), originally written by Tomas Rokicki and Tim Morgan.

The encTeX extensions were written by Petr Olsak.

pdftex 1.40                     8 January 2007                       PDFTEX(1)
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